The Tibetan Vinaya also contains rules of conduct Patimokkha for monks and nuns; Skandhakas, which corresponds to the Pali Khandhaka; and appendices that partly correspond to the Pali Parivara. This Vinaya was translated into Chinese in the early 5th century. It is sometimes called "the Vinaya in four parts. These three versions of the Vinaya are sometimes referred to as lineages.
This refers to a practice initiated by the Buddha. When the Buddha first began to ordain monks and nuns, he performed a simple ceremony himself.
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As the monastic sangha grew, there came a time when this was no longer practical. So, he allowed ordinations to be performed by others under certain rules, which are explained in the three Vinayas.
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Among the conditions is that a certain number of ordained monastics must be present at each ordination. In this way, it is believed there is an unbroken lineage of ordinations going back to the Buddha himself. The three Vinayas have similar, but not identical, rules. For this reason, Tibetan monastics sometimes say they are of the Mulasarvastivada lineage.
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Chinese, Tibetan, Taiwanese, etc. In recent years, this has come to be an issue within Theravada Buddhism, because in most Theravada countries the lineages of nuns came to an end centuries ago. Today women in those countries are allowed to be something like honorary nuns, but full ordination is denied to them because there are no ordained nuns to attend the ordinations, as called for in the Vinaya.
Some would-be nuns have tried to get around this technicality by importing nuns from Mahayana countries, such as Taiwan, to attend the ordinations.
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But the Theravada sticklers do not recognize Dharmaguptaka lineage ordinations. Share Flipboard Email. The Pali Vinaya-Pitaka—This version is part of the Pali Canon and is followed by Theravada Buddhists —Scholars say this is the only version that has survived in its original language. Tibetan Buddhist monks and nuns go by this version.
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A Chinese translation of a Vinaya preserved by the Dharmaguptaka, another early Buddhist school. For the most part, schools of Buddhism that originated in China use this version of the Vinaya. This would include Buddhism practiced in Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam. Part 1 of 1. Commentary by Sankaracharya , part 1 of 2. Contents of the Nasks.
The Sacred Books of China, vol. Books V—VII. Hymns to Agni Mandalas I—V. Marvels of Zoroastrianism. Part 1. The Buddha-karita of Asvaghosha , translated from the Sanskrit by E. Part 2.
Vinaya Texts Sacred Books
References sacred-texts. The Upanishads , Part 1 of 2. The Sacred Laws of the Aryas , vol. Pahlavi Texts, vol. Rhys Davids.
Buddhist Suttas. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg. Vinaya Texts, vol. The Sacred Laws of the Aryas, vol. The Upanishads , part 2 of 2. The Zend-Avesta , vol. The Laws of Manu. The Grihya-sutras; rules of Vedic domestic ceremonies. Lawrence Heyworth Mills. Vedic Hymns, vol. The Minor Law-Books: Brihaspati. The Vedanta-Sutras , vol. The Questions of King Milinda , vol. The Vedanta -Sutras, vol. The Texts of Taoism , Part 1 of 2.