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Dunn is another top scholar in New Testament studies. I can highly recommend this one. This second volume by James Dunn on Romans begins with a good bibliography concerning the material in this commentary but leaves the introductory material to volume one. A good book for any scholar interested in Romans. Dunn is strong on careful exegesis, theological insight, and sorting through alternative explanations. Highly recommended. Soards helps readers span the gap between one of the earliest Christian communities—with its concerns over Wisdom, in-groups and out-groups, manifestations of the Spirit, Christian behavior, and the resurrection of Christ—and the Christian of today.

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Marion L. I have used this one with profit many times and can highly recommend it. This volume on 1st Corinthians continues that conservative line. He approaches the theological questions put forth by Paul, interpreting them within a Dispensational framework. He denies the possibility of modern uses of the spiritual gifts while affirming those gifts given to all Christians. This commentary is good for any teacher or lay person interested in 1 Corinthians. Most bible commentaries take us on a one-way trip from the twentieth century to the first entury.

But they leave us there, assuming that we can somehow make the return journey on our own. The information they offer is valuable, but the job is only half done! This new and unique series shows readers how to bring an ancient message into a modern context. It explains not only what the Bible meant but also how it can speak powerfully today.

This work is very detailed and considers scores of scholarly research on 1 Corinthians while offering fresh discussions and contributions to assist in our understanding of this epistle. This entire series of commentaries are all excellent and highly recommended to anyone with the training to work with detailed discussions of Greek. Fee brings his years of exegetical skill and expertise in textual criticism to bear on the first letter of Paul to the church at Corinth.

Grosheide, and answers some of questions and problems which have emerged since then in the interpretation of 1 Corinthians. Fee tries to place each section of the epistle in the overall development of the letter and its argument. Thus, he looks at 1 Corinthians in the context of the epistolary exchanges between Paul and the city of Corinth, focusing on the historical, cultural, and social settings.

He offers insight on the possible presuppositions held by the Corinthians which shaped the letter, and argues that is must be viewed first and foremost as a letter from the apostle to a beloved church. If it is seen as a manual of church order, or a directory of public worship, or even a digest of canon law, its true message and implications will be missed.

Fee is an excellent scholar from the Pentecostal movement. He is particularly good at textual criticism and carefully articulated and applied hermeneutics. I have used this volume with great satisfaction. The church divided over issues of leadership and authority, sexual morality, gender and worship, marriage and divorce. Sound familiar? First-century Corinth and its challenges were not so different from our own. Yet in the midst of this detailed, practical letter is found one of the greatest paeans to love ever written.

And, of course, love is just what is needed to address these complex human issues whether in the first century or the twenty-first. In this deft analysis of 1 Corinthians, readers will find an introduction that discusses the social, cultural and historical background of the city and its people. Passage-by-passage commentary follows that seeks to explain what the letter means for us today as well as what it meant for its original hearers. Yet he frames them in theological terms and reflects on them in light of the gospel.

Beginning with a literal translation and textual notes on the original Greek text, it expounds on the theology of the epistle for the benefit of the church today. It is particularly strong in its exegetical treatment of key passages that involve doctrines and practices that have been items of contention among modern Christian denominations. The New Revised Standard Version is the principal translation. Volumes contain the following features:. First Corinthians was written to a church rocked by division. The church at Corinth is a warning of what our churches today are fast becoming.

Only then will we truly be united in Christ. I know Oster and have greatly benefited from his teachings and writings. He is particularly qualified in illuminating the Hellenistic background of the first-century Mediterranean world and in doing careful exegesis based on the original Greek text. I highly recommend this commentary. Someone needs to update this volume like his commentary on Galatians.


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Includes a brief introduction and references. Original languages: Greek words occasionally appear in Greek script; Hebrew words appear in transliteration. He is a great scholar and works through knotty problems in the text with fairness to all competing interpretations. MacArthur feels this is an immense loss to the church because it has so much to offer. In this commentary he focuses on themes of struggle and suffering, restoration and reconciliation. This commentary is verse-by-verse, expository, deals with linguistics when it is helpful to the interpretation and examines the major doctrines in the text and how they relate to the whole of Scripture.

Barnett assumes and argues for the unity of the letter and takes the view that Paul is addressing the issue of triumphalism in Corinth expressed by the newly-arrived missionaries who portray Paul as inferior to themselves. It is also endemic among the Corinthians. According to Barnett, the recurring theme of the letter is power-in-weakness, based on the motif of the Resurrection of the Crucified, which lies at the heart of the gospel of Christ.

It is easy to lose sight of the overview by focusing on the details—what I like to call not missing the forest for the bark.

Cornerstone Biblical Commentary Series: 1-2 Corinthians, Vol 15

Barnett, it seems, avoids this mistake. Packer and Alister McGrath, while carefully preserving the meaning and message of the original expositors. This volume on 2 Corinthians by Ralph Martin begins with introductory notes discussing the history and composition of the text, the setting, date and author, the contents of the letter and a review of 1 Corinthians.

The commentary then analyzes the epistle using linguistic and historical tools. When he came to the city he found a Jewish couple, Aquila and Priscilla, who were there because Claudius had expulsed the all Jews from Rome. Incidentally, they too, like Paul, were tentmakers by trade and so Paul stayed and worked with them. As it was his practice to go to the Jew first Rom , etc.

Silas and Timothy met up with Paul after their extended stay in Macedonia. They brought support from the Macedonians so that Paul could be "occupied with the word. He went to the house of Titius Justus, which was next door to the synagogue.


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After this, many Corinthians believed including Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue. Then one night the Lord instructed Paul to continue with his message and not to be silent for he has many people in this city. So Paul's stay was extended. After some time, the Jews attacked Paul and brought him before the tribunal, accusing him of persuading people to worship God in a manner that was contrary to the law. Yet the proconsul, Gallio, found it to be a petty accusation and exonerated Paul on the basis of it being a matter of Jewish doctrine and not public affairs.

Some time after that, Paul departed Corinth after a year and a half of ministry there. He went to Jerusalem, and later ended up staying in Ephesus for three years c. This letter, which preceded 1 Corinthians, is unfortunately no longer extant. The contents of this "previous letter" as it is called are not completely known, yet some of it may be drawn from 1 Corinthians. First Corinthians is a response to a letter that Paul received from the Corinthian church, which they wrote probably as a response to this previous letter. The apostle writes in 1 Cor.

AD ; the letter dealt at least in part with the issue of associating with the sexually immoral; and his letter was misunderstood or not taken seriously. After the previous letter was composed, Paul received information from the Corinthians. From Chloe's household, he received reports of division 1 Cor. Stephanas, Fortunatus, and Achaicus paid Paul a refreshing visit 1 Cor. With all of these reports and letters in mind, Paul wrote his second letter to the Corinthians, which holds the canonical name "1 Corinthians.

Such topics as division, sexual immorality, lawsuits, marriage, Christian liberty, order of worship, and the resurrection are covered in this epistle. Paul then deployed Timothy to the church of Corinth in order to scout the situation and be a representative of Paul's teaching 1 Cor. We know not the details or outcome of this visit, though it is probable that it did not go well. Timothy's visit gave Paul an urgency to change his plans and so he made a second visit to Corinth.

From Ephesus he sailed across the Aegean to Corinth for a short and hasty trip. Even though the book of Acts gives no mention of this visit, Paul's own writings speak of a second visit 2 Cor. This visit is commonly called the "painful visit" as Paul himself refers to it 2 Cor. The outcome of this visit was not as Paul had wanted and definitely something that he did not wish to experience again. Upon his return to Ephesus, Paul was provoked to write a third letter to the Corinthians.

This is the so-called "severe letter. Paul's reasoning for writing this letter is found in 2 Cor. He also wrote in order to test them. Paul wanted to find out whether or not they would be obedient in all things 2 Cor. Once the severe letter had been sent, Paul left Ephesus for Macedonia. En route to Macedonia, Paul sojourned in Troas, hoping to find Titus there to hear of the outcome of the severe letter. Being unsuccessful in this pursuit, he set out for the remainder of his journey to Macedonia.

Upon arrival at Macedonia, Paul was greeted with more trials as they "were afflicted at every turn-fighting without and fear within" 2 Cor. So the severe letter was successful! It accomplished that which Paul had desired as is stated in 2 Cor. Being encouraged, Paul wrote a fourth letter to the Corinthian church. This letter known as 2 Corinthians was written around AD Here Paul defends his apostolic authority, encourages the church to be unified with him, gives instructions about giving, and tells of his future plans.

He mentions that Titus and others are going to make a visit 2 Cor. Paul also makes sure to note that he, himself, is going to make his third visit to Corinth ; , After staying in Macedonia he visited Greece for three months, making his third visit to Corinth Acts , 2. Then he went back up to Macedonia and off to further ministry elsewhere Acts ff. In total, Paul wrote four letters to the Corinthians and visited them three times.

Both 1 and 2 Corinthians were undoubtedly written by the Apostle Paul. He established the church in Corinth, and was the self-proclaimed "father" of the Corinthian believers 1 Cor. Intrinsically, Paul designates himself as being the author in both epistles 1 Cor. As Hillyer points out, the epistles of 1 and 2 Corinthians are "unmistakably Pauline in the tone and character of their teaching and in their vocabulary and style. Both Corinthian epistles combined make up just over one third of the total Pauline corpus.

The epistles follow the classic Pauline letter formula, beginning with an opening section 1 Cor.

2nd Corinthians NKJV Audio Bible

The question that a lot of scholars are trying to answer is, "Were the letters originally written in the form in which we have them today? Some have noticed that Paul skips around various subjects in this letter: one minute he is exhorting the church to be unified, then sexual immorality and church discipline, lawsuits against fellow believers, marriage, Christian liberty, the Eucharist, church order, spiritual gifts, and the resurrection.

Full text of "2 Corinthians ( TNTC) Colin Kruse"

There is no smooth flow to the letter like that of Romans or Ephesians. The reason for this is not that the letter is in some type of conflated form, but that Paul was addressing problems and answering miscellaneous questions that the Corinthian church had. Undoubtedly, 1 Corinthians is a single and complete letter that fulfills its intended purpose. Much more debate has arisen in regards to the unity of 2 Corinthians.

Many scholars say that this epistle was not originally a single work, but is at least made up of parts of two individual letters. Brown states, "Among the letters in the Pauline corpus, the unity of II Cor has been the most challenged. The reason why some scholars adhere to this view is based on the difference between 2 Cor. The first section has a sense of optimism, while the second has one of pessimism. Paul is first excited and has "perfect confidence" in them 2 Cor.

The last four chapters of the epistle do seem to fit the content of what we would expect of the "severe letter," but the evidence is less than convincing. More recently, scholars have been proposing the idea that chapters were not actually part of the "severe letter" but part of a fifth and unknown letter.

Anything dealing with Pauline chronology beyond what is evidenced is merely speculation. There is one opening section and one closing section in 2 Corinthians. There is no manuscript evidence that supports that the epistle was ever divided. One view that supports the book's unity is that chapters were originally part of 2 Corinthians, but were written after Paul received news of further rebellion.

This view simply seems to be a reaction to the scholarly studies in order to uphold the unity of the epistle. Though possible, it seems unlikely that Paul would receive information from Titus, begin writing his letter back to the Corinthians, then before finishing the letter receive more immediate news of the church behaving differently than was just reported. The epistle more appropriately seems to be a single unified letter written with all points in mind before the ink hit the paper.

Gundry makes a valid point drawing the parallel of self-defense in both sections of the epistle and that the first part may be speaking to a "repentant majority" and the second part referring to a "still-recalcitrant minority. The theology of the Corinthian epistles are directly affected by their purpose. Paul wrote 1 Corinthians in order to answer questions and address certain problems in the church. He was not expounding the great doctrines of soteriology like in Romans, rather he touches on many problems that do not have a close tie to each other, but they all had in common the fact that the Corinthians were experiencing them.

The issue of division and unity is addressed first 1 Cor. The main body of 1 Corinthians begins with Paul's appeal to the church to agree that the divisions among them would be eradicated and that they would "be united in the same mind and the same judgment" 1 Cor.

People in the church were associating with various leaders and making factions that were tearing down the body of Christ. The problem that Paul points out is that they were acting fleshly when they would take pride in their pastoral preference 1 Cor. God is the one that does the work in the church and so God should receive the devotion of the church and not mere men who happen to be his instruments 1 Cor. Paul then addresses sexual immorality and its consequences 1 Cor.

He seems to have been astonished at the lack of morality displayed by the Corinthians. They were arrogant because they were able to tolerate a man who was committing gross sexual immorality 1 Cor. This was not a discreet sin of any kind, but one that not even the pagans would tolerate 1 Cor. The apostle makes it clear that this sort of action should not be tolerated, but disciplined. The one guilty of the act should be delivered to Satan "for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord" 1 Cor. Paul orders the excommunication of the sinning one for two reasons: 1 that the sinner would be saved in end, and 2 that the sinning one would not "leaven the whole lump" 1 Cor.

The church as Paul states elsewhere is intended to be the pure and spotless bride of Christ Eph. The apostle also condemns the filing of lawsuits against fellow believers 1 Cor. A believer who has "grievance" against another believer should not go before the unrighteous to settle the problem, but the issue should be brought before the other saints 1 Cor. Martin, and Daniel G. Reid, eds. Dictionary of Paul and His Letters. Handbook for the Study of the Historical Jesus , 4 vols.

Davids, eds. Sakenfeld, Katharine D. Tenney, Merrill C. The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Revised, 5 vols. Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible. Markley, Handbook of New Testament Exegesis. Bock, Darrell L. Fanning, eds. Interpreting the New Testament Text. Wheaton: Crossway, Croy, Clayton. Dockery, David S. Black, eds. Interpreting the New Testament. Hearing the New Testament. Osborne, eds. The Face of New Testament Studies.

Approaches to New Testament Study. Soulen, Richard N. Kendall Soulen. Handbook of Biblical Criticism. Bartholomew, Craig. Carson, eds. Brown, Jeannine. Scripture as Communication: Introducing Biblical Hermeneutics. Gorman, Michael J. Blomberg and Robert L. Hubbard, Jr. Introduction to Biblical Interpretation. Patterson, Invitation to Biblical Interpretation. The Hermeneutical Spiral. Hermeneutics: An Introduction to Interpretive Theory.

Stovell, eds. Biblical Hermeneutics: Five Views. Starling, David I. Walton, John H. Brent Sandy. Blomberg, Craig L. The Historical Reliability of the Gospels. Jesus and the Gospels: An Introduction and Survey. Jesus according to Scripture. Leiden: Brill, Strauss, Mark L.

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Alexander, Loveday C. Acts in Its Ancient Literary Context. Bond, Helen K. Hurtado, eds. Peter in Early Chrsitianity. Dunn, James D. Conrad Gempf. Howard and David Peterson. Witness to the Gospel: The Theology of Acts. Padilla, Osvaldo. Rowe, C. Blackwell, Ben C. Goodrich, eds. Paul and the Apocalyptic Imagination. Chester, Stephen. The New Perspective on Paul. Longenekcer, Richard N. Paul, Apostle of Liberty. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, repr. Schreiner, Thomas E. Thiselton, Anthony C.

Wenham, David. Paul: Follower of Jesus or Founder of Christianity? The lists of top commentaries for each N. At least one priority title is asterisked for each level. Davies, W. Allison, Jr. Matthew, 3 vols. ICC, rev. Marcus, Joel. Mark , 2 vols. AB, rev. Fitzmyer, Joseph A. The Gospel According to Luke , 2 vols. Garden City: Doubleday, Liefeld, Walter L. Brown, Raymond E. The Gospel according to John AB , 2 vols. Garden City: New York: Barrett, C. The Epistle to the Romans , 2 vols.

Hultgren, Arland J. Kruse, Colin G. Wright, N. First Corinthians AB, rev. New Haven: Yale University Press, Thrall, Margaret E. Baker, William R. Joplin, MO: College Press, De Boer, Martinus C. Eugene, OR: Cascade, Perkins, Pheme. Harrisburg: Trinity, Best, Ernest. Bruce, F. Fowl, Stephen E. Philippians , rev.

Martin WBC. Nashville: Nelson, Thompson, James W. Longenecker, Philippians and Philemon Paideia. Barth, Markus and Blanke, Helmut. Wilson, Robert McL. New York: Doubleday, Howard with Philip H. Quinn, Jerome D. Collins, Raymond F. Wall, Robert W. Letters and Homilies for Hellenized Christians, vol. The Epistle to the Hebrews Hermeneia. Philadelphia: Fortress, James: A Critical and Exegetical Commentary. Wall, R. Valley Forge: Trinity, Brosend, William F.

Kelly, J. San Francisco: Harper, Grudem, Wayne. Charles, J. Garland and T. Longman III, vol. Donelson, Lewis R. Green, E. Callan, Terrance D. Watson, First and Second Peter Paideia. Derickson, Gary W. Lieu, Judith M. Parsenios, George L. First, Second, and Third John Paideia. Blount, Brian K. Thomas, John Christopher and Frank D. Peterson, Eugene H. About Back. Contact Us! Current Students Here you will find one-stop shop for students to get connected to activities that will feed your spiritual and social life as well as equip you with resources to jump-start your academic career.

Library About the Carey S. Denver Journal. New Testament Exegesis Bibliography - Levinsohn, Stephen. Discourse Features of New Testament Greek. Dallas: SIL, The Morphology of Biblical Greek. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics. Introduction Anderson, Paul N. Historical Background A.


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